Chronic Migraine Treatment and Relief

Living with chronic migraines can be a debilitating experience, impacting your quality of life and daily activities. Chronic migraine is defined as having headaches on 15 or more days a month for at least three months, with at least eight of those days featuring migraine characteristics. This comprehensive guide delves into current and emerging treatments to help manage chronic migraines effectively, offering relief and improving your overall well-being.

Understanding Chronic Migraine

Chronic migraines are more than just severe headaches. They typically last between 4 to 72 hours and can cause intense, throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head. Accompanying symptoms often include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, and smells. Managing chronic migraines involves both acute treatments to alleviate symptoms during an attack and preventive measures to reduce the frequency and severity of episodes.

Acute Treatments for Chronic Migraine

Acute treatments are designed to provide immediate relief from migraine symptoms. These medications are most effective when taken at the onset of a migraine attack. Commonly prescribed acute treatments include:


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and aspirin can help alleviate migraine pain. However, overuse can lead to medication-overuse headaches, so it’s important to use these under a doctor’s guidance.

Dopamine Antagonists

These medications, such as metoclopramide, help with nausea and vomiting that often accompany migraines.


Ergotamine tartrate and dihydroergotamine (DHE) can be effective, especially when taken early in a migraine attack. They work by constricting blood vessels around the brain.


Triptans are a common class of migraine-specific medications that include sumatriptan and rizatriptan. They can be taken as pills, nasal sprays, or injections.

Gepants and Ditans

Newer medications such as ubrogepant, rimegepant, and lasmiditan (Reyvow) target different pathways involved in migraine attacks and may have fewer side effects than traditional treatments like triptans.


Available as a nasal spray, injection, or IV, DHE can provide relief for severe migraines that don’t respond to other treatments.

Preventive Treatments for Chronic Migraine

Preventive treatments aim to reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. These are typically prescribed when migraines occur more than four days per month or when acute treatments are not sufficiently effective. Preventive treatments include:


Medications like propranolol and metoprolol are often used to manage blood pressure and can also reduce migraine frequency.


Drugs such as topiramate and valproate can stabilize nerve activity and prevent migraines.


Certain antidepressants, especially tricyclics like amitriptyline, can help reduce migraine frequency by affecting neurotransmitter levels in the brain.

OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox)

Botox injections are FDA-approved for chronic migraine prevention and involve multiple small injections around the head and neck every 12 weeks.

Anti-CGRP Monoclonal Antibodies

Newer treatments like erenumab, fremanezumab, and galcanezumab target the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) pathway, which plays a key role in migraine pathophysiology.

Complementary Treatments for Chronic Migraine

In addition to prescription medications, several complementary treatments can help manage chronic migraines:

Aerobic Exercise

Regular physical activity can reduce the frequency and severity of migraines by promoting overall health and reducing stress.


This technique involves learning to control physiological functions such as heart rate and muscle tension, which can help manage migraine triggers.

Relaxation Techniques

Practices such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, and progressive muscle relaxation can reduce stress, a common migraine trigger.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT can help address the psychological aspects of chronic migraine, teaching coping strategies and stress management techniques.


This traditional Chinese medicine practice involves inserting thin needles into specific points on the body and can provide migraine relief for some individuals.

Dietary Supplements

Certain supplements like magnesium, CoQ10, butterbur, and feverfew have been shown to help prevent migraines. It’s essential to discuss these options with a healthcare provider before starting any new supplements.

Lifestyle Changes

Adopting healthy lifestyle habits can significantly impact migraine management. Key changes include maintaining a regular sleep schedule, staying hydrated, limiting caffeine, and avoiding known food triggers.

Antidepressants and Migraine

Depression and anxiety are common comorbidities with chronic migraine. Treating these conditions can positively impact migraine frequency and severity.

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)

SNRIs like venlafaxine and duloxetine have been effective in treating both depression and migraines.

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

While more research is needed, SSRIs may also be beneficial for those with migraines and depression.


Botox not only helps with migraine prevention but may also alleviate symptoms of mild to moderate depression.

The Role of Comfort Nutrition Services

At Comfort Nutrition Services, our dietary and nutritional guidance can play a crucial role in managing chronic migraines. Proper nutrition, hydration, and lifestyle adjustments tailored to your individual needs can help reduce the frequency and intensity of migraine attacks. Our team of experts is dedicated to helping you achieve better health outcomes through personalized counseling and support.


Chronic migraines can be a severe and debilitating condition, but with the right combination of treatments and lifestyle changes, it is possible to manage and reduce their impact. Acute treatments provide immediate relief, while preventive measures can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. Complementary therapies and lifestyle adjustments offer additional support in managing this condition.

For personalized dietary and nutritional guidance, reach out to Comfort Nutrition Services and take the first step towards better health and migraine relief.

Leave a Comment